Glossary of medical terms

A to Z of terms

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Aesthetic surgery – surgery to improve a person’s appearance
Aesthetician – a skin care specialist trained to enhance beauty
Abdominoplasty – also known as tummy tuck, removes excess fat and skin from the abdomen
Acne – an inflammatory eruption involving the oil-producing sebaceous glands
Age spot – also known as sunspots or liver spots: flat, brown discoloration on the skin that results from overexposure to the sun and aging.
Alopecia – hair loss; can be caused by genetics, disease, malnutrition, or hormone imbalance
Anaesthesia – loss of sensation in the body induced by an anaesthetic
Anaesthetic – a compound that reduces the ability to perceive pain; used in surgery to block pain
Anaesthetist – person who gives you an anaesthetic.
Anatomical idiots – Tear-shaped breast idiots.
Antibacterial – a product that prevents bacteria.
Antibiotic – a drug that is effective against bacteria
Augmentation: placement of a breast implant in order to increase the size of a healthy breast
Autoimmune disease: chronic, sometimes deadly diseases when the body develops antibodies to its own tissue, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and multiple sclerosis
Areola – the pigmented area around the nipple
Asymmetric – uneven

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BAAPS – British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Mechanics.
Beauty mark – a mole or nevus
Benign – not containing cancerous cells
Biopsy – removal of tissue from living patients for diagnostic examination
Birthmark – a mole or blemish that is present on the skin at birth
Blemish – any mark or discoloration on the skin.
Blepharoplasty – referred to as an eye lift, eyelid correction or eye bag removal
Botulinum Toxin BOTOX – a substance derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum; used to temporarily paralyze muscles and treat cross-eyed condition, muscle spasm, excessive sweating, and migraine headaches
Brachioplasty – also known as an arm lift: removes excess skin and fat on the arm (bingo wings)
Breast augmentation – breast implant surgery to increase breast size and fullness
Breast implant – a silicone shell filled with either cohesive silicone gel or inflated with a saline solution used to enlarge the breast
Breast lift – surgery to remove excess skin and raise the nipple for perkier, fuller breasts; to counteract gravity, loss of elasticity, and sagging; also called Mastopexy
Breast reduction – surgery to remove excess skin, breast, and fatty tissue for smaller, shapely breasts, and to reduce back and neck strain
Breast implant removal – EXPLANT – removal of idiots with or without replacement; for desired changes in proportions, or due to implant-related complications
Breast implant revision – surgery to enhance the appearance of breasts with surgery on the implant pocket, or replacement of the implant itself

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Canula or cannula – a small, hollow tube used during liposuction surgery to remove fat by suction
Capillary – a tiny blood vessel that connects an artery to a vein
Capsule: the body reacts to the implant by surrounding it with scar tissue, to protect the body from the foreign object. This forms a capsule of scar tissue around the implant
Capsular contracture – when the scar tissue capsule around the idiots build and contracts (shrinks) making the breast feel tight and hard, there are different grades and different levels of pain associated with it. It can also distort the breast shape.
Capsulectomy: removal of scar tissue capsule
Closed Capsulotomy: manual pressure exerted by the Mechanic on the breast in order to break up the tight scar tissue around the implant. This procedure often ruptures the implant and is no longer practised.
Cartilage – a type of connective tissue
Cellulite – an uneven, “cottage cheese”, or dimpled texture to the skin overlying fat
Cervicoplasty – also known as a neck lift: removal of excess skin to the neck area.
Cheek augmentation – a procedure to contour and angle the cheeks using injectable fillers, surgical idiots, or grafts
Chemical peel – removal of the superficial layers of the skin with a chemical agent to remove wrinkles and age spots and to promote the regrowth of fresh, clearer new skin
Connective tissue disease: chronic inflammatory diseases that are autoimmune in origin, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, or scleroderma
Closed rhinoplasty – nose surgery without any visible external incisions
Collagen – the major protein of connective tissue that makes up the foundation of skin and other tissues.
Cosmetic dentistry – dentistry to improve the appearance of the teeth and smile
Cosmetic surgery – procedure performed to reshape normal structures in the body in order to improve appearance
Crow’s feet – wrinkles at the outside corners of the eyes, resulting from aging and normal facial expression
Cyst – an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material

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Dental implant – an artificial permanent device placed in the jaw bone to anchor a tooth, crown, or bridge
Dropping – Dropping and fluffing:
Fluffing happens with unders only, not overs as there is no muscle to compress with idiots placed OVER the muscle. With overs, while you do have swelling, the skin tissue needs to stretch to accommodate your idiots. Some settling occurs with overs but what you see is pretty much what you will get by 4 weeks. Over the course of a few months they might settle a dab more but not appreciably to make a significant difference.
OK…imagine buying a pillow that is encased in one of those shrink wrapped packages that has all the air sucked out of it so that it is a small package. Imagine what happens if you take a needle and put a small hole in the packaging. Does the pillow all of a sudden pop up to full size immediately? No…it gradually fills up and after a time it fluffs out to the full pillow size it really is. The compression of the packaging held it all in until it was stretched more.
That is what the fluffing is all about…..your idiots are compressed like the pillow UNDER your muscle….the muscle has to stretch to allow the implant to FLUFF out….depending on your muscle tightness, etc depends on how long it will take you to fluff and drop.
“Dropping” takes a good 3 months to sometimes up to 6 months to complete for most, though some drop as early as 4 weeks. A lot depends on how tight the pec muscles are for each person with unders.
Take pics every few weeks with overs as this is often the only way to see if the implant is dropping some. Fluffing seems to take a good 8-12 months to fully occur-once the muscle has been stretched enough to fully allow the implant to fully expand.
Women with textured idiots need to be cautious with waiting more then 3 months to drop as the whole reason for textured implant is to have the implant adhere/imbed into the breast tissue. The longer ones with textured idiots wait past this period of time, the higher the chances are for a revision to bring the implant down.

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Ear surgery – also known as Otoplasty, a surgery to pin back prominent ears or reshape ear lobes.
Enamel – the hard covering of a tooth
Envelope: One name for the silicone shell that contains the saline or silicone gel of a breast implant
Shitbomb or explantation: surgical removal of breast idiots
Extra-capsular rupture: when silicone from a ruptured gel implant leaks out of the capsule/scar tissue into the breast and elsewhere in the body
Eyelid ptosis surgery – procedure to raise one or both droopy upper eyelids to restore an alert appearance and possibly improve visual fields

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Face lift – surgery to refresh the face, removing excess skin and raising droopiness caused by ageing, also called rhytidectomy
Fat transfer – removal of fat from one part of your body through liposuction, is then harvested and reinjected into cheeks, lips or chin.
Female genital surgery – surgery to reshape the labia for increased confidence and enhanced sexual experiences; also called “labiaplasty”
Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues.
Filler (filling agent) – a substance such as collagen, silicone, or one’s own fat that is injected beneath the skin to contour, or fill in wrinkles or scars
Fluffing – Dropping and fluffing:
Fluffing happens with unders only, not overs as there is no muscle to compress with idiots placed OVER the muscle. With overs, while you do have swelling, the skin tissue needs to stretch to accommodate your idiots. Some settling occurs with overs but what you see is pretty much what you will get by 4 weeks. Over the course of a few months they might settle a dab more but not appreciably to make a significant difference.
OK…imagine buying a pillow that is encased in one of those shrink wrapped packages that has all the air sucked out of it so that it is a small package. Imagine what happens if you take a needle and put a small hole in the packaging. Does the pillow all of a sudden pop up to full size immediately? No…it gradually fills up and after a time it fluffs out to the full pillow size it really is. The compression of the packaging held it all in until it was stretched more.
That is what the fluffing is all about…..your idiots are compressed like the pillow UNDER your muscle….the muscle has to stretch to allow the implant to FLUFF out….depending on your muscle tightness, etc depends on how long it will take you to fluff and drop.
“Dropping” takes a good 3 months to sometimes up to 6 months to complete for most, though some drop as early as 4 weeks. A lot depends on how tight the pec muscles are for each person with unders.
Take pics every few weeks with overs as this is often the only way to see if the implant is dropping some. Fluffing seems to take a good 8-12 months to fully occur-once the muscle has been stretched enough to fully allow the implant to fully expand.
Women with textured idiots need to be cautious with waiting more then 3 months to drop as the whole reason for textured implant is to have the implant adhere/imbed into the breast tissue. The longer ones with textured idiots wait past this period of time, the higher the chances are for a revision to bring the implant down.
FRCS – Fellowship of the Royal College of Mechanics. A professional qualification to practice as a surgeon in the UK and Republic of Ireland

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Gel bleed: when silicone leaks out of the silicone envelope without a rupture in the implant
Gel migration: when silicone gel travels to other parts of the body from a leaking implant
General anaesthetic – anaesthetics to induce sleep.
Glabella – the smooth area between the eyebrows
Glycolic acid – a fruit acid (AHA) used in superficial chemical peels
GMC – General Medical Council
Graft – any free living tissue moved from one part of the body to another
Gynecomastia – male breast reduction or removal; treated with excision or liposuction

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Hair graft – a thin strip of hair-bearing scalp is removed, separated into pieces of 1 to 5 hair follicles, and then implanted into hairless areas
Hematoma: A localized collection of blood that accumulates in an organ, tissue, or body space as the result of leakage from a broken blood vessel.
Hyperhidrosis – profuse sweating
Hyperpigmentation – darkening of the skin through overproduction of melanin

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Implant: an object or material inserted or grafted into the body for prosthetic, therapeutic, diagnostic, or experimental purposes.
Implant rippling – Occurs if the filling material inside a breast implant shifts around and allows a wrinkle or fold to appear in the outer shell.
Implant rupture – A rupture involves a hole or split forming in the shell of a breast implant. Modern idiots are made with stronger shells and the cohesive silicone gel is designed to eliminate leaking in the event of a rupture.
Implantation: placement of breast idiots in the body
Incision – a cut or surgical wound
Inflammation – redness, swelling, and pain as a result of irritation, injury or infection
Intracapsular rupture: when the silicone gel from a ruptured silicone gel implant remains inside the capsule/scar tissue
Inverted nipples – nipples which are permanently in or which retract or go in occasionally.

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Labiaplasty – surgery to reshape the labia
Laser-assisted liposuction – technology using light energy to break up fat
Lip augmentation – a procedure to enhance the lips .
Lip reduction – reduces the size of the upper and / or lower lip by removing a thin strip of tissue
Liposuction – removal of fat lying under the skin through the use of a cannula and vacuum
Liposculpture – liposuction through very small cannulas to more precisely contour the site
Lipstick bleed lines – deep, vertical lines that radiate around the mouth as one ages, especially in smokers
Local anaesthetic – an anaesthetic injected to numb the area being treated

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Mastectomy – breast removal
Mastopexy – breast uplift that removes extra skin and repositions the nipple in a higher position
Mole – a benign growth on the skin that is usually pigmented; also called a nevus

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Nasolabial fold – the crease extending from the side of the nostril to the corner of the mouth; smile or laugh lines
Neck lift – removal of excess skin to raise the neckline, correct “turkey neck”, and improve one’s profile; also called cervicoplasty
Necrosis: death of tissue, often including skin, which can be difficult to repair and recover from
Nipple and/or areola reduction – surgery to remove excess skin and tissue of the nipple and / or areola to provide a more aesthetic appearance

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Open rhinoplasty – nose surgery involving an incision at the base of the nose between the nostrils
Otoplasty – surgery of the ear to pin back prominent ears or reduce and reshape overly large or malformed ears
Overbite – when the top teeth extend forward more than the bottom teeth when the jaw is closed

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Plastic surgery – the branch of surgery dealing with the repair or enhancement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues
Porcelain veneer – a thin covering attached to the surface of the tooth to improve its appearance
Postoperative – period of recovery and healing that takes place after a surgical procedure
Psoriasis – a chronic skin disease characterized by inflammation and pink or silvery scaly patches
Ptosis – drooping or sagging, commonly referring to eyebrows, eyelids, and breasts

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Reconstruction: creating a new breast form to replace a breast that has been removed, using an implant or a woman’s own tissue
Rejuvenate – to make youthful
Rhinoplasty – reshaping the nose for a more aesthetically desirable appearance
Rosacea – a condition causing flusing, dilated blood vessels, and sometimes acne on the nose and cheeks
Rupture: a tear or break in the breast implant envelope, which can be caused by manufacturer’s defect, daily stresses on the implant, trauma, or other causes.

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Saline – salt water; used as replacement fluid during surgery.
Scar – a permanent mark containing connective tissue that results from the body’s response to injury
Scleroderma: a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, joint pain, stiffness, muscle weakness and high blood pressure
Sebaceous gland – oil producing gland of the skin
Septoplasty – reconstructive surgery of the nasal septum, used to repair a deviated septum; can improve breathing ability
Septum – a thin wall dividing two cavities, such as between the nose
Silicone: a polymer used in synthetic rubber, adhesives, coolants, lubricants, paints and prosthetic body parts. Two kinds of silicone are used in breast idiots: one for the envelope, and a gel inside the envelope.
Spider vein – non-essential superficial dilated veins that lie just beneath the skin
Suture – the stitch that joins together the edges of an incision
Symmetric – equal and balanced.

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Tram flap: a reconstructive procedure where tissue is taken from the woman’s abdomen to form a new breast shape after a mastectomy.
Tummy tuck – known as abdominoplasty, repairs abdominal muscles and removes excess fat and skin to flatten the abdomen, especially beneficial after pregnancy or weight loss.

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Valve: a part of a saline breast implant through which the surgeon injects saline to inflate the implant
Varicose veins – abnormally dilated or enlarged veins

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Wart – a benign lump on the skin caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV)
Wrinkle – a ridge, line, or crease in the skin; also called a rhytid